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U.S. Army Special Forces
"The Green Berets"

What is SFAS?

a. The Career Management Field (CMF) 18 includes positions concerned with the employment of highly specialized elements to accomplish specifically directed missions in times of peace and war. Many of these missions are conducted at times when employment of conventional military forces is not feasible or is not considered in the best interest of the United States. Training for and participation in these missions is arduous, somewhat hazardous, and are often sensitive in nature. For these reasons, it is a prerequisite that every prospective "Green Beret" successfully complete the SFAS/SFQC courses.

b. The Special Forces Assessment and Selection (SFAS) program assesses and selects Soldiers for attendance at the Special Forces Qualification Course (SFQC). This program allows SF an opportunity to assess each Soldier's capabilities by testing his physical, emotional, and mental stamina. The SFAS also allows each Soldier the opportunity to make a meaningful and educated decision about SF and his career plan.

c. Soldiers attend SFAS on a temporary duty status. You should plan to be at Fort Bragg, North Carolina for up to 30 days. You will be trained in all military subjects used in the assessment. The course is individual cross country land navigation based covering distances from 18 kilometers up to on or about 50 kilometers. The distances and weight carried increase during the course, but being prepared mentally and physically for the events cannot be over emphasized.

Click here to view a training flow chart to get an idea of the training process you�ll go through.

Click here to download the USAREC SF information pamphlet in MS Word format.  This pamphlet provides information to officers and enlisted soldiers on how to volunteer for Special Forces Assessment, training, and assignment.
Select this link to download the pamphlet in zip file format.

Special Forces Qualification Course (SFQC) and Special Forces Detachment Officer Qualification Course (SFDOQC)

General. The CMF 18 is subdivided into five accession Military Occupational Specialties (MOSs): 18A, Detachment Commander; 18B, SF Weapons Sergeant; 18C, SF Engineer Sergeant; 18D, SF Medical Sergeant; and 18E, SF Communications Sergeant. Each SF volunteer receives extensive training in a specialty, which prepares him for his future assignment in a SF unit. SF units are designed to operate either unilaterally or in support of and combined with native military and paramilitary forces. Levels of employment for Special Operations forces include advising and assisting host governments, involvement in continental United States-based training, and direct participation in combat operations.

Purpose. The SFQC/SFDOQC teaches and develops the skills necessary for effective utilization of the SF Soldier. Duties in CMF 18 primarily involve participation in Special Operations interrelated fields of unconventional warfare. These include foreign internal defense and direct action missions as part of a small operations team or detachment. Duties at other levels involve command, control, and support functions. Frequently, duties require regional orientation, to include foreign language training and in-country experience. The SF places emphasis not only on unconventional tactics, but also knowledge of nations in waterborne, desert, jungle, mountain, or arctic operations.

Training. After successful completion of SFAS, officers who have not already attended their Advanced Course will attend either the Infantry or Armor Career Captain�s Course. For the enlisted Soldier, the SFQC is currently divided into three phases: Individual Skills, MOS Qualification, and Collective Training. The enlisted applicant's SFQC training will be scheduled upon successful completion of SFAS.

    a. Individual Skills Phase. During this period, Soldiers inprocess, and are trained on common skills for CMF 18 skill level three. Training is 40 days long and is taught at the Camp Rowe Training Facility. The training covered during this phase includes land navigation (cross-country) and small unit tactics. This phase culminates with a special operations overview.

    b. MOS Qualification Phase. For the enlisted Soldier, the decision concerning the four specialties will be made based on your training background, aptitude, and desire and the needs of CMF 18. Training for this phase is 65 days and culminates with a mission planning cycle. During this phase, Soldiers are trained in their different specialties:

      (1) 18A - SF Detachment Commander. Training includes: teaching the officer student the planning and leadership skills he will need to direct and employ other members of his detachment. Training is conducted at Fort Bragg, North Carolina, and is 26 weeks long.

      (2) 18B - SF Weapons Sergeant. Training includes: Tactics, anti-armor weapons utilization, functioning of all types of U.S. and foreign light weapons, indirect fire operations, manportable air defense weapons, weapons emplacement, and integrated combined arms fire control planning. Training is conducted at Fort Bragg, North Carolina, and is 24 weeks long.

      (3) 18C - SF Engineer Sergeant. Training includes: Construction skills, field fortifications, and use of explosive demolitions. Training is conducted at Fort Bragg, North Carolina, and is 24 weeks long.

      (4) 18D - SF Medical Sergeant. Training includes: Advanced medical procedures to include trauma management and surgical procedures. Training is conducted at Fort Bragg, North Carolina and is approximately 57 weeks long.

      (5) 18E - SF Communications Sergeant. Training includes: Installation and operation of SF high frequency and burst communications equipment, antenna theory, radio wave propagation, and SF communication operations procedures and techniques. Training culminates with an around-the-world communications field performance exercise. Training is conducted at Fort Bragg, North Carolina, and Fort Chaffee, Arkansas, and is 32 weeks long.

    c. Collective Training Phase. During this 38-day period, Soldiers are trained in Special Operations (SO) classes, Direct Action (DA) Isolation, Air Operations, Unconventional Warfare classes, Isolation training, and culminates with ROBIN SAGE.

    d. Language Training. After completion of the Collective Training Phase all Soldiers will attend Special Forces Language school at the Special Operations Academic Facility, Fort Bragg, North Carolina.

    e. Survival Training. All Soldiers, officer and enlisted will attend the Survive, Evade, Resist, Escape (SERE) course for three weeks at Fort Bragg, North Carolina.

Correspondence courses.

    a. It would be beneficial to each candidate to enroll in the correspondence courses listed in the table below.

    b. You should use DA Form 145 (Army Correspondence Course Enrollment Application) when ordering the correspondence courses. The mailing address for all courses, except the 18D course, is:

Institute for Professional Development
U.S. Army Training Support Center
Newport News, VA 23628-0001

The mailing address for the 18D course is:

Academy of Health Sciences
Fort Bragg, North Carolina 28307-5000




Applicable to all Personnel Attending


Troop Leading Procedures

IS 1706

Patrolling, Part I

IN 0404

Basic Tactics

IN 0411

Applicable to 18B, Special Operations

Weapons Sergeant

Military Handguns and Rifles

SF 0746

Submachine guns and Machine guns

SF 0747

60MM Mortar M19

SF 0749

Intro to Mortars

IN 0375

Intro to Mortars Ballistics

IN 0380

Applicable to 18C, Special Operations

Engineer Sergeant

Combat Engineering

EN 0029

Explosives and Demolitions

EN 0053

Roads and Airfields

EN 0064

Field Fortifications

EN 0065

Military Bridges II

EN 0353


EN 0535

Frame Structures

EN 0069

Applicable to 18D, Special Operations

Medical Sergeant

Basic Human Anatomy

MED 006

Basic Human Physiology

MED 007

Regional Human Anatomy

MED 009

Basic Medical Terminology

MED 010

Pharmaceutical Calculations

MED 802

Pharmacology I

MED 804

Pharmacology II

MED 805

Pharmacology III

MED 806

Drug Dosage and Therapy

MED 913

Language Training

Soldiers will receive functional language training at the Special Operations Academic Facility (SOAF), located at Fort Bragg, North Carolina after completion of Phase III of the Qualification course. Languages are assigned in relation to the score from the Defense Language Aptitude Battery (DLAB), which is taken either prior to or at the beginning of SFQC.

Soldiers will not receive their MOS until successful completion of the language course. Each Soldier must score at least a 0+/0+ to be considered language qualified. The only Soldiers that will receive their MOSs before completion of the language course are those Soldiers that are reenlisting/extending under the BEAR program (they will receive their MOS 90 days into the language course), but they must still pass the course with a 0+/0+. The course goal is a 1/1.

The language course in which the Soldier is selected to attend will most likely reflect the SF Group in which he will be assigned. Example language course lengths are in the following table.

6 Months









Serbo Croat

4 Months




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This page is an unofficial document and does not represent information endorsed by the United States Government, the United States Special Operations Command or the United States Army Special Operations Command. However, most information is derived from those sources and has been checked for accuracy. For comments, questions, and suggestions, please go to the Communications Center.

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