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U.S. Army Special Forces
"The Green Berets"

On November 27,1990, the U.S. Army 1st Special Operations Command was redesignated the U.S. Army Special Forces Command (Airborne). Its mission is to train, validate and prepare Special Forces units to deploy and execute operational requirements for the war fighting commanders in chief.

1st Special Operations Command (SOCOM)

U.S. Army Special Forces Command (USASFC)

Special Forces Command exercises command and control over five active component groups. Additionally, it exercises training oversight of two Army National Guard groups. Each Special Forces Group is regionally oriented to support one of the war fighting commanders in chief (see below).

Special Forces soldiers are carefully selected, specially trained and capable of extended operations in extremely remote and hostile territory. They train to perform five doctrinal missions: Foreign Internal Defense (FID), Unconventional Warfare (UW), Special Reconnaissance (SR), Direct Action (DA) and Counter Terrorism (CT).

While Special Forces soldiers are capable of performing all of these missions, an increasing emphasis is being placed on Foreign Internal Defense, or FID, and Coalition Warfare Support. FID operations are designed to help friendly developing nations by working with host country military and police forces to improve their technical skills, understanding of human rights issues and to help with humanitarian and civic action projects.

A new mission that has emerged as a result of Operation Desert Storm is coalition warfare/support. Coalition warfare/support draws upon the Special Forces soldier's maturity, military skills, language skills and cultural awareness. It ensures the ability of a wide variety of foreign troops to work together effectively in a wide variety of military exercises or operations such as Operation Desert Storm.

In addition to the individual skills of operations and intelligence, communications, medical aid, engineering, and weapons, each Special Forces soldier is taught to train, advise and assist host-nation military or paramilitary forces. Special Forces soldiers are highly skilled operators, trainers and teachers. Area-oriented, these soldiers are specially trained in their area's native language and culture.

1st SFG(A) Fort Lewis,
Pacific and
Eastern Asia
3rd SFG(A) Fort Bragg,
North Carolina
Caribbean and
Western Africa
5th SFG(A) Fort Campbell,
Southwest Asia
Northeastern Africa
7th SFG(A) Fort Bragg,
North Carolina
Central and
South America
10th SFG(A) Fort Carson,
Europe and
Western Asia
19th SFG(A) Camp Williams,
20th SFG(A) Birmingham,
Alabama (HQ)
Europe and
Western Asia


This page is an unofficial document and does not represent information endorsed by the United States Government, the United States Special Operations Command or the United States Army Special Operations Command. However, most information is derived from those sources and has been checked for accuracy. For comments, questions, and suggestions, please go to the Communications Center.

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